Saturday, April 28, 2018

Compressor Handbook: Principles and Practice By Tony Giampaolo, MSME, PE

Compressor Handbook: Principles and Practice By Tony Giampaolo, MSME, PE
Chapter 1—Introduction
Chapter 2—General Compressor Theory
Chapter 3—Compressor Types 
Chapter 4—Effect of Operating Conditions
Chapter 5—Throughput Control
Chapter 6—Description of Surge
Chapter 7—Surge Control
Chapter 8—Vibration
Chapter 9—Valve Requirements
Chapter 10—Instrument Requirements
Chapter 11—Detectable Problems
Chapter 12—Controlling Reciprocatng and Centrifugal Compressors in Identical Processes
Chapter 13—Optimization & Revitalization of Existing Reciprocating Compression Assets
Chapter 14—Piston Rod Run-out is a Key Criterion for Recip Compressors
Chapter 15—Effect of Pulsation Bottle Design on the Performance of a Modern Low-speed Gas Transmission Compressor Piston
Chapter 16—Resolution of a Compressor Valve Failure: A Case Study
Compressors have played a major role in setting our standard of living and they have contributed significantly to the industrial revolu tion. Early compressors like the bellows (used to stoke a fire or the water organ use to make music) marked the beginning of a series of compression tools. Without compression techniques we could not have efficiently stabilized crude oil (by removing its trapped gasses) or separated the various components of gas mixtures or transported large quantities of gas cross country via gas pipelines. Today, compressors are so much a part of our every day existence that many of us do not even recognize them for what they are. Compressors exist in almost every business and household as vacuum cleaners and heating & air conditioning blowers.Even those who have worked with compressors (usually only one or two types of compressor) have only a vague awareness of the variety of compressors in existence today. It is always interesting to see how the inventive process takes place, and how the development process progresses from inception to final design. Therefore, included in some sections of the book is histori cal information on the development of various compressors. Due to the number of different types of compressors it was too time consuming to research the origins of each compressor type. For the roots blower and screw compressor the inventive process is clear as discussed in Chapters 1 and 3. However, the origin of the reciprocating compressor is somewhat obscured. No doubt the water organ devised by Ctesibius of Alexandria paved the way. Nevertheless, using water to compress air in a water organ is a far cry from a piston moving within a cylinder to compress gas. True there is significant similarity between reciprocating engines and reciprocating compressors: Just as there is similarity between turbo compressors and turbine expanders.
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